UN Department issues “World Economic and Social Survey 2009: Promoting Development, Saving the Planet”

UN Department issues “World Economic and Social Survey 2009: Promoting Development, Saving the Planet”
# 02 September 2009 13:27 (UTC +04:00)
Baku. Kamala Guliyeva – APA. UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs issued “World Economic and Social Survey 2009: Promoting Development, Saving the Planet”. According to the World Economic and Social Survey 2009, an integrated approach based on the concept of sustainable development is urgently needed. The key to such an approach is a low-carbon, high-growth transformation of the global economy—a transformation that can keep temperature increases consistent with environmental stability as identified by the scientific community, while at the same time fostering the strong growth and economic diversification in developing countries that would allow convergence of incomes worldwide. The greening of catch-up growth will have to be further tailored so as to meet the adaptation challenges facing vulnerable countries and communities whose economic security will be threatened even if climate change is kept within globally manageable limits. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Changes, the global wastes should be reduced 50-80% until 2050. It means present volume of carbon dioxide (40 gigaton) will be reduced to 8-20 Gt. Developed industrial countries have caused 2/3 of global warm since 1950. According to the report, fall in temperature by 1 C will cause reduce of natural growth 2-3 percent in poor countries, but it will not change in rich countries. Per capita volume of wastes in the developed countries is 6-7 percent more than developing countries.
The developed countries have enough energy resources to meet own needs, but the developing countries face with energy supply problems. 1.6 – 2 billion people in the world are living without electricity. It needs to spend 25 billion dollars every year throughout 20 years to supply those people with electricity.
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