Six superpowers further flex muscles against Iran

Six superpowers further flex muscles against Iran
# 26 January 2008 07:19 (UTC +04:00)
The latest round of penalties would also for the first time ban trade in equipment and technology that can be used in both civilian and nuclear programs, according to elements that would form the basis of a new U.N. resolution.
It would call on countries to inspect cargo heading to or from Iran "provided there are reasonable grounds to believe" that prohibited goods are being transported, the document obtained by The Associated Press said.
The five veto-wielding members of the council — the U.S., Britain, France, China and Russia — along with Germany, agreed this week on the basic terms of the resolution. Diplomats have said the full, 15-nation Security Council will likely approve it next month.
The six global powers offered Iran a package of economic incentives and political rewards in June 2006 if it agreed to freeze uranium enrichment before talks on its nuclear program. But Iran has refused despite two previous sets of U.N. sanctions.
The new proposal would freeze the assets of additional individuals and entities involved in Iran’s nuclear activities that were not identified.
It calls on all countries "to exercise vigilance" in entering into new financial commitments with Iraq, including the granting of export credits, guarantees or insurance. It also calls for "vigilance" over financial dealings with Iranian-based banks, "in particular with Bank Melli and Bank Saderat, and their branches and subsidiaries abroad."
Iran insists its enrichment activities are intended only to produce fuel for nuclear reactors, but the U.S., the European Union and others suspect its real aim is to produce atomic bombs.
Iranian Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki on Friday urged the five permanent members of the council to "correct their past mistakes" and draw up a a resolution ending council involvement in his country’s nuclear affairs.
Mottaki — speaking to the The Associated Press in an interview on the sidelines of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland — said that at the minimum, before taking action the council should wait until the International Atomic Energy Agency completes its probe of Iran’s past nuclear activities, at the latest in early March.
The U.S., Britain and France have long pressed for a third set of sanctions, but China and Russia, which have strong business ties with Iran, have been reluctant to impose tough new measures.
The last sanctions resolution, adopted in March 2007, called on all states to exercise "vigilance and restraint" in allowing Iranians "associated with providing support for Iran’s proliferation-sensitive nuclear activities or development of nuclear weapon delivery systems" to transit enter their countries.
The new proposal would require all countries to ban the entry or transit of individuals involved in Iran’s nuclear program, including procurement activities.
For the first time, it would also target equipment and technology that can be used in both civilian and nuclear programs, except under IAEA auspices and "for exclusive use in light water reactors" provided advance notice is given to the U.N. committee monitoring sanctions.
The draft elements stress that the six countries "are willing to take further concrete measures on exploring an overall strategy of resolving the Iranian nuclear issue through negotiation on the basis of their June 2006 proposals."
It encourages EU foreign policy chief Javier Solana "to continue communication with Iran ... with a view to create necessary conditions for resuming talks."
The draft welcomes the agreement between Iran and the U.N.’s International Atomic Energy Agency to resolve all outstanding issues concerning its nuclear program "and progress made in this regard."
It calls for a report from IAEA chief Mohamed ElBaradei in 90 days on Iran’s compliance with the council demand to suspend enrichment and says the council will consider "further appropriate measures" if Tehran fails to comply. /APA/
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