Today is Mahammad Amin Rasulzadeh’s 124th anniversary

Today is Mahammad Amin Rasulzadeh’s 124th anniversary
# 31 January 2008 11:55 (UTC +04:00)
Mahammad Amin Rasulzadeh was born to a religious family in Novkhany village of Baku in 1884, January 31. He got his primary education in the second Russian-Muslim school of famous pedagogue Sultan Majid Ganizadeh. In 1902 17-year-old Mahammad Amin Rasulzadeh established Muslim Youth Organization. Later the organization continued its activity secretly under the name of Muslims’ Democratic Musavat Society. The organization established a branch in Iran and this gave an impetus to the Constitutional Revolution in the country. In 1904 Mir Hasan Movsumov (1882-1907), Mammad Hasan Hajinski (1875-1931) and Mahammad Amin Rasulzadeh established Muslim Social-Democratic Organization “Hummat” under Baku committee of Russian Social Democratic Workers Party. In June, 1917 Muslim Democratic Party “Musavat” united with Nasib bay Yusifbayli’s party “Turk Edem Merkeziyyet” and became party “Turk Edem merkeziyyet” – Musavat. The first congress of the party “Turk Edem Merkeziyyet” – Musavat was held in Baku on October 26-31, 1917. 500 representatives participated in the congress. Mahammad Amin Rasulzadeh was elected chairman of Central Committee and in autumn, 1917 he was elected member of Russian parliament from Azerbaijan and Turkistan.
Trans-Caucasian Seym (Parliament) was abolished as a result of conflicts of internal factions on May 26, 1918, Azerbaijani National Council composed of the members of various opposition parties who were members of Muslims faction of Seym was established on May 27, Mahammad Amin Rasulzadeh was elected chairman of National Council. On May 28, 1918, the Azerbaijani National Council, headed by Rasulzadeh declared an independent Azerbaijan Republic – first democratic Republic in East. Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was collapsed on April 27, 1920, after 23-month independence. Rasulzadeh was detained in Lahij, then Stalin took Rasulzadeh to Moscow and appointed press representative at the Commissariat on Nations in Moscow. He taught Persian in Lazarev Institute of Oriental Languages under Commissariat on Nations. He was seconded to Saint Petersburg in 1922 from where he escaped to Finland. His period of migration started.
Rasulzadeh migrated to Turkey and European countries with intervals. Mahammad Amin Rasulzadeh died in Ankara on March 6, 1955 and buried in Cebeci Asri cemetery in Ankara. /APA/
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