Does the Brussels process promise a peace agreement to Azerbaijan and Armenia?-ANALYSIS

Does the Brussels process promise a peace agreement to Azerbaijan and Armenia?-ANALYSIS
# 07 April 2022 13:00 (UTC +04:00)

The Brussels process shows its effectiveness in normalizing Azerbaijani-Armenian relations.

Brussels is more neutral with regard to the co-chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group - Paris, Moscow, and Washington.

This can be clearly seen in the text of the statement of the President of the European Council Charles Michel on the results of the second trilateral meeting with Azerbaijan's President Ilham Aliyev and Armenia's Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan.

Brussels' neutrality will allow for faster and more effective results.

Thus, the desire to move rapidly towards a peace agreement between Azerbaijan and Armenia and the decision to instruct the foreign ministers to work on a future peace agreement covering all necessary issues is a clear example of this.

President Michel welcomed the steps towards the restoration of railway lines while encouraging Armenia and Azerbaijan to also find effective solutions for the restoration of road links.

According to the information, obtained by APA, although the Azerbaijani side agreed to restore the automobile roads, there are differences in Armenia.

Armenia offers Azerbaijan a more unsuitable road for relief, which does not satisfy Azerbaijan. Because Azerbaijan does not agree with the idea of "road for the sake of having road" in this matter.

Azerbaijan still refers to decisions made during the Soviet era. Thus, while working as the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev, despite all the pressure from the Armenians, raised the issue of building the shortest highway in front of Moscow connecting the main territory of Azerbaijan with Nakhchivan. Although there was resistance from Armenians for many years, Heydar Aliyev finally got the consent of the center. The most affordable part of this road was in the direction of Zangilan-Mehri-Ordubad. The leadership of the Armenian SSR was forced to agree to the construction of this road. Construction of the road, which began in 1974, was to be completed in 1980, with 48 km of the road to pass through the Mehri district. Until the end of 1977, the central authorities did not provide anything other than a feasibility study of the road. As a result of the efforts of Heydar Aliyev, although a road has been laid at a distance from Zangilan to the Armenian border in 1982 after he went to Moscow for a leadership position, Armenians have protested against the construction of this road and they have begun to insist to construct the road not to Nakhchivan through Mehri, but to the central territories of Armenia passing through the mountainous area. Heydar Aliyev has required the Republic leadership to seriously deal with this issue. At the same time, he has conducted talks with the Armenian leadership on this issue several times, however, seeing that this did not work, he has delivered the situation to the USSR leadership, as well as Chairman of the Council of Ministers Nikolai Tikhonova.
With the resistance of Heydar Aliyev, the issue regarding the construction of the road has been discussed at the meeting of the USSR Government, and it has been decided to continue the construction of the road rejecting the claims of the Armenians. But, In the late 80s, separatist acts of Armenians have not allowed the completion of this strategic project. As one does not need a guide when the village is in sight, there is no need for any “alternative” also in this issue.

Currently, Azerbaijan proposes to construct this road which is useful for use, on the basis of historical documents.

In all cases, the Brussels process launched between Armenia and Azerbaijan and the recent talks has laid the foundation of the new stage. Azerbaijan and Armenia start to work on the clauses of the peace agreement. At the same time, it may be expected that a joint commission on delimitation and demarcation of borders will begin negotiations in May.