Sixty-three years have passed since the death of Mammad Amin Rasulzade, one of the founding political leaders of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, the first independent Republic in the East.
Rasulzade was born in the Novkhani township of Baku on January 31, 1884.
He participated in the foundation of an organization, called “Hummet”, with the social-democrats.
In 1909, under the persecution from Tsarist authorities, Rasulzade fled to Iran and began publishing its newspaper Iran-e Nou, after suppression of the Constitutional Revolution he migrated to Turkey.
He joined the Musavat party in 1911 and four years later was elected Chairman of the Musavat Central Committee.
In 1918, Rasulzade, together with Fatali Khan Khoiski, officially declared the first independent Republic in the East.
He was arrested after Bolshevik Occupation on April 28, 1920. Under the order of Stalin, he was released from prison and transferred from Azerbaijan to Russia. Despite Stalin’s insistence, he refused to cooperate with Soviet authorities and leaved USSR.
He died in Ankara on March 6, 1955.
On 24 December 1992, Azerbaijani President Abulfaz Elchibay signed an order on “Return to Azerbaijan of the family members of well-known public figure Mammad Amin Rasulzade that faced repressions during totalitarian soviet period and solution of the issues on their social conditions”.
On 29 December 1993, Azerbaijani President Heydar Aliyev issued an order on marking the 110th birth anniversary of public figure Mammad Amin Rasulzade.
On 22 November 2013, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev signed an order on marking the 130th birth anniversary of Mammad Amin Rasulzade. Under the order, jubilee events were held in the country and abroad.