Heads of Caspian states sign 25-artcile declaration in Tehran summit - UPDATED

Heads of Caspian states sign 25-artcile declaration in Tehran summit - <font color=#FF0000>UPDATED </font>
# 16 October 2007 17:52 (UTC +04:00)
The declaration covers the following issues:
1. The parties will do their best to make Caspian region the region of stability and peace where international law is guaranteed. They are resolute in cooperating in political, diplomatic, commercial, economic, scientific, technical, cultural, public and other spheres in the framework of bilateral and multilateral relations.
2. The parties support continuous meetings of the heads of the Caspian states by the sides’ consent, and meetings of foreign ministers, as well as authorized experts for analyzing the issues related to the Caspian Sea.
3. The parties will work on use of Caspian resources, extend cooperation and negotiations in economic field, especially in the spheres of energy and transportation taking into account its development potential.
4. The parties will assist one another by establishing international transport corridor for efficient use of transportations in the region.
5. The parties state that only littoral states have the right for the Caspian Sea and its resources.
6. The parties state that full legal status of the Caspian will come into force after the convention on legal status of the Caspian sea is signed.
7. The parties agree to ship sail, fishing and navigation until the new legal status of the Caspian Sea is determined. It can be possible only if ships sail under the flags of the littoral states.
8. The parties state that confirmation of the full legal status of the Caspian and conclusion of the convention on the sea’s legal status is very important. This convention, as the main document of the legal status of the Caspian Sea, is to determine authorities of the littoral states respecting the laws of these countries, and ecological rules are to be reflected here. It also includes efficient use of natural sources, as well as marine life, fields, navigation and other related issues.
9. The parties declare that the littoral states’ last agreement on the borders of underground and overland resources of the sea will be implemented taking into consideration and respecting their laws.
10. The parties agreed on continuing talks on determining water boundaries of the Caspian.
11. The parties realize their responsibilities vis-à-vis the present and future generations and are persistent in protecting the Caspian Sea, solving its ecological problems in the framework of cooperation, protecting and preserving biological diversity. The parties support cooperation to prevent unpleasant results taking into account marine environment of the Caspian Sea. The parties will continue cooperation in the region basing on the legal status of the Caspian for establishing legal framework. The parties agree to the implementation of the document on marine environment of the Caspian Sea signed in Tehran in 2003 in November. They also underline the importance of completing the basic provisions of the convention and mention establishing permanent secretariat of the convention.
12. The parties confirm the “principle of responsibility of the Caspian states for damage inflicted to the Caspian environment and to each other as a result of the activity to use the Caspian Sea and develop its resources.
13. The parties state that the Caspian Sea should be used only for peaceful purposes and all the related issues will be solved by the littoral states peacefully. The parties will try to ensure security and stability of the basin in order to build mutual credibility, and refrain from using military forces in mutual relations.
14. The parties confirm that their armed forces will not be used against the opposite side.
15. The parties will not allow other states to use their territories to carry out military operations against littoral states.
16. The parties consider it expedient to continue talks on the legal status of the Caspian in the spirit of mutual respect and in the framework of international law norms.
17. The parties, taking into account the importance of security, peace and stability in the Caspian Sea region, underline the importance of continuing negotiations on all issues related to security on the Caspian Sea.
18. The parties will do their best for cooperation for establishing multipolar perfect and equitable world, new, improved and international political, economic and legal order.
19. The parties regard the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons as one of the most important pillars of international security and stability, support further implementation of the Treaty. The parties also reaffirm that all NPT signatories and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) member states have the right to pursue peaceful nuclear technology ’without any discrimination’.
20. The parties reaffirming the inherent right of every nation to choose its own path of development based on respect for human rights, taking into account the historical, social and cultural values of the Caspian countries oppose interference in the internal affairs of independent nations.
21. The parties believe that a prerequisite for ensuring security, peace and stability in the region is peaceful, just and lasting settlement of the conflicts in accordance with the UN Charter.
22. The parties consider that international terrorism, aggressive separatism, illegal trafficking of drugs, arms and other illegal actions pose threat for the entire world.
23. The parties reaffirm their commitment to the development of broad bilateral and multilateral cooperation in the framework of UN and international law in the fight against terrorism, drug trafficking, arms and other illegal actions.
24. The parties welcome the results of the Tehran summit. They state that they will do their best to extend the cooperation among the littoral states.
25. The next meeting of the Presidents of the Caspian States will be held in October 2008 in Baku. /APA/
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