He said that every year the conflict causes the death of dozens of civilians and military servicemen, urging the conflict parties to respect ceasefire, stop hostilities and return to the negotiating table.
“The trust between the conflict parties is absent. They are less willing to return to the negotiating table,” he added.
Recalling his visit to the region, Désir said he conveyed the message of France at the meetings with presidents of both countries.
“I have called on both countries to make compromises. The parameters of these compromises are known. They include non-use of force, respect for Azerbaijan’s territorial integrity and the right of Nagorno-Karabakh's people to self-determination, as required by the Madrid principles,” he stressed.
Désir said France is ready for all initiatives to return the parties to the negotiating table.
The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict entered its modern phase when the Armenian SRR made territorial claims against the Azerbaijani SSR in 1988.
A fierce war broke out between Azerbaijan and Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan. As a result of the war, Armenian armed forces occupied some 20 percent of Azerbaijani territory which includes Nagorno-Karabakh and seven adjacent districts (Lachin, Kalbajar, Aghdam, Fuzuli, Jabrayil, Gubadli and Zangilan), and over a million Azerbaijanis became refugees and internally displaced people.
The military operations finally came to an end when Azerbaijan and Armenia signed a ceasefire agreement in Bishkek in 1994.
Dealing with the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is the OSCE Minsk Group, which was created after the meeting of the OSCE Ministerial Council in Helsinki on 24 March 1992. The Group’s members include Azerbaijan, Armenia, Russia, the United States, France, Italy, Germany, Turkey, Belarus, Finland and Sweden.
Besides, the OSCE Minsk Group has a co-chairmanship institution, comprised of Russian, US and French co-chairs, which began operating in 1996.
Resolutions 822, 853, 874 and 884 of the UN Security Council, which were passed in short intervals in 1993, and other resolutions adopted by the UN General Assembly, PACE, OSCE, OIC, and other organizations require Armenia to unconditionally withdraw its troops from Nagorno-Karabakh.