Germany stages deep reflection in marking Hitler's rise to power

Germany stages deep reflection in marking Hitler
# 30 January 2013 18:48 (UTC +04:00)

Baku-APA. Germany commemorated the 80th anniversary of Nazi leader Adolf Hitler's rise to power on Wednesday in deep reflection of its war-time atrocity, APA reports quoting Xinhua.

On 30 January 1933, Hitler was appointed as German chancellor by then president Paul von Hindenburg, followed by dictatorship of National Socialists in Germany and disaster across Europe.

"Thus began the darkest chapter of German history," said Norbert Lammert, President of German Bundestag, lower house of parliament, in a special session on Wednesday.

"At the end of the war unleashed by Germany and destruction of the Nazi racial mania, most of Europe lay in ruins - not only materially. European cities suffered immeasurable emotional and spiritual wounds, which were deeper than what eyes could see," he said, "Germany is aware of its responsibility for these crimes deliberately, and willing to do anything to make a similar man-made, state-organized disaster never happen."

Earlier Wednesday, German Chancellor Angela Merkel opened a special exhibition in Topography of Terror Documentary Centre, which located at the site of former Gestapo and SS headquarters.

The exhibition named "Berlin 1933 - The road to dictatorship" will put image and text documents about the establishment of the Nazi under spotlight. The first six months after the Nazi seized power will be focused.

"We now know about the catastrophic consequences of the 30 January 1933. They had emerged in the first months of the year," said Merkel.

"That is why it is so important to preserve the knowledge especially about the beginnings of this terror...Just six months were needed to destroy everything in diversity," added the Chancellor.

In order to mark the 80th anniversary of Nazi's seizure of power and 75th anniversary of Kristallnacht, which took place on 9 November 1938, Berlin has made the theme of year 2013 "Diversity Destroyed. Berlin 1933-1938-1945".

A series of events including exhibitions, concerts, guided tours are scheduled to be held during the year.

An exhibition named "Diversity Destroyed. Berlin 1933-1938" will started on 31 January in German Historical Museum, and last until 10 November.

"It will show how the social diversity and cultural avant-garde that had turned 1920s Berlin into a pulsating metropolis were destroyed after 1933 when the National Socialists came to power. In this way the exhibition will provide significant insight into the conditions and consequences of Hitler's rise to power," said the Museum in a statement.

68 years after Hitler's Third Reich collapsed, Germany is still reflecting on its dark history of Nazi era. Students have to study Holocaust in their classes. Films on Nazi terror are often broadcasted in German television.

"Naturally, we have an everlasting responsibility for the crimes of national-socialism, for the victims of World War II, and above all, for the Holocaust," Merkel said at the International Holocaust Memorial Day on January 27, the date in 1945 when Soviet army liberated Auschwitz concentration camp in then occupied Poland.

"We must clearly say, generation after generation, and say it again: with courage, civil courage, each individual can help ensure that racism and anti-Semitism have no chance," she said.

"We're facing our history, we're not hiding anything, we're not repressing anything. We must confront this to make sure we are a good and trustworthy partner in the future, as we already are today, thankfully."