ICJ rules Ukraine's two claims against Russia

ICJ rules Ukraine
# 31 January 2024 20:30 (UTC +04:00)

The United Nations' top court on Wednesday ruled that Russia had partially violated an anti-terrorism treaty by failing to investigate the funding of pro-Russian separatists in Ukraine, including those who shot down Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 in 2014, APA reports citing DW.

However, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) declined to rule on whether Russia bore responsibility for the downing of the civilian aircraft and refused to order that Moscow pay compensation to victims as requested by Kyiv.

In 2017, Ukraine asked the ICJ to find Russia guilty of breaching obligations under two UN treaties, which both countries signed, and order it to pay reparations to Ukrainian civilians caught up in Russia's war of aggression as well as to the families of victims of the Malaysia Airlines downing.

Ukraine also claims Russia violated a human rights treaty by discriminating against ethnic Tatars and Ukrainians in Crimea.

Regarding this point, the ICJ said Russia had violated the UN's anti-discrimination treaty by failing to protect Ukrainian-language education in Crimea.

The ICJ cited statistics showing enrollment in Ukrainian-language courses plummeted in the aftermath of Moscow's 2014 annexation.

Still, the ICJ did not grant Ukraine compensation and rejected other claims of discrimination against ethnic Tatars and Ukrainians after 2014.