Five visits balancing Azerbaijan’s foreign policy course - ANALYSIS
These visits are of great importance for specifying the attitude towards Baku by three super powers, which have significant role in the foreign policy of Azerbaijan. Along with Iran and the United States, Europe, Russia and the Turkic world are also the main sides of Azerbaijan’s foreign policy, the policy of balancing is being pursued among these sides.
Italy is the main foreign trade partner of Azerbaijan and has a key role in our country’s access to the European energy market. In this regard, Prime Minister Enrico Letta’s statements in Baku made an opportunity to further outline the relations not only between the two countries, but also between Azerbaijan and the European Union. The main outline is – Europe admits the essential role of Azerbaijan in ensuring energy security and recognizes the right of Baku to independently make a decision in this process. The delivery of Shah Deniz gas to Europe via TAP project will make it possible to deliver 10bcm natural gas to the continent through Turkey, Greece, Albania and Italy. It means that in the initial stage 10% of Europe’s energy market will be freed from Russia’s dependence.
The ongoing processes on the privatization of Greek DEPA company also confirmed that Russia recognizes Azerbaijan’s right to access to the Europe’s energy market. At the last stage of tender for privatization, stepping back from the tender Gasprom, a giant energy company, ensured the actual victory of SOCAR. This fact shows that Russia sees Azerbaijan as a partner not as a rival in the distribution of Europe’s energy market. Vladimir Putin’s statements and visit to Baku confirmed it again.
Putin’s third term in office is memorable with the solution of a number of complicated issues in Azerbaijan-Russia relations. The first is the closure of Gabala radar station. The major political result of this event is also the withdrawal of last Russian soldier from Azerbaijan.
Contrary to claims, the suspension of transit oil transportation through Baku-Novorossiysk pipeline has not affected Azerbaijan in terms of economy. The country has gained an opportunity to export high-quality oil instead of the oil mixed with the low-quality Tyumen oil. The third main matter in the relations between the two countries during the Putin’s presidency is the balancing of arms sale by Russia to the parties of the Nagorno Karabakh conflict. The Kremlin has managed to restore this disrupted balance by selling weapons worth $ 1 billion to Azerbaijan and stated that it wanted to stand at the same distance with the conflicting sides.
Azerbaijan and Russia are also playing major roles in such problems as Nagorno Karabakh conflict and the legal status of the Caspian. These are major problems, where there is no progress in the relations between Baku and Moscow. It is not accidental that Vladimir Putin’s statements mainly focused on these two issues. The statements both on Nagorno Karabakh conflict and the legal status of the Caspian do not essentially differ from those issued by the Kremlin for years, but it would have been absurd to expect different statements from Russian President in Baku. One of the positive moments is that the framework of the problems in Azerbaijan-Russia relations has been narrowed to the level of these two multilateral issues, of which Moscow is an indirect participant. Reduction of problems is also connected with the fact that the relations between the two countries have reached a new level. Consequently, Russia has started to admit the role of Azerbaijan, a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, in the region and the world, especially in the diversification of energy routes to Europe and intends to participate in these processes as Azerbaijan’s partner. Vladimir Putin’s statements highly appreciating the initiatives put forward by Baku and declaring that Moscow is open to new initiatives in order to improve the relations prove it. The fact that after Belarus and Ukraine during his presidency Vladimir Putin paid the third visit in the post-Soviet area to Azerbaijan also proves that Russia attaches importance to Azerbaijan. Moreover, Russian President has not visited Armenia yet.
The fact that heads of five states have visited Azerbaijan within a week shows that the foreign policy course of Baku is based on multilateral relations. The relations with Turkic world have become one of the priorities of the foreign policy, this priority, which is sometimes regarded with jealousy, even surpasses other directions of foreign policy. Further enhancement of political, economic and cultural cooperation among the Turkic-speaking republics meets the interests of all participants of this process, including Azerbaijan, which has assumed the leading mission in the process. The visits of the presidents of three states can not be considered an ordinary event. Turkey and Kazakhstan, the two countries that will attend the summit of the heads of Turkic-speaking states, are strategic partners of Azerbaijan and Azerbaijan has signed strategic partnership agreement with these countries. The processes in the Middle East have brought closer the border of the world’s hottest spots to the borders of Turkic-speaking republics. In order to be insured from the impact of the existing hot spots, to get out of this process will minimal damage these countries should coordinate their activities, foreign policy priorities and the summit is of great importance in this respect.
The visits of Enrico Letta, Vladimir Putin, Abdullah Gul, Nursultan Nazarbayev and Almazbek Atanbayev to Azerbaijan prove this fact – Baku has no problems in the diplomatic relations with the major parties of the foreign policy course, even if a problem emerges Azerbaijan is capable of using such factors as geostrategic position, energy resources to solve the problems.
Related news releases
- 14.09.2017The Contract of the New Century: New opportunities to strengthen independence, political and economic stability
- 09.09.2017Azerbaijan newspaper: Obama-era stereotypes still exist in the US
- 07.09.2017Why did Israel choose Azerbaijan? - ANALYSIS
- 31.05.2017Political analyst: Trump’s letters indicate beginning of new period in US-Azerbaijan relations
- 13.03.2017Trace of "Armenian Connection" in Strasser fantasy
- 06.03.2017The Armenian Connection: How a secret caucus of MPs and NGOs, since 2012, created a network within PACE to hide violations of international law - ANALYSIS
- 19.09.2016Failed rallies that proved unworthy of being called ‘mass’ - ANALYSIS
- 24.08.2016Referendum Act: The Cabinet of Ministers could not change to locomotive of economic reforms – ANALYSE
- 24.06.2016Tseghakronism – fascist doctrine of Garegin Nzhdeh - ARTICLE
- 08.06.2016More people displaced than at any time since WW2- Global Peace Index
- 07.05.2016Sargsyan’s failed attempt of demarche against Kremlin - ANALYSIS
- 13.04.2016Helsinki Final Act – the main factor in breaking Karabakh deadlock - ANALYSIS
- 07.04.2016‘Four-day war’: Changed status quo, balance against Armenia
- 02.04.2016Azerbaijani president’s visit to Washington: Maximal use of all opportunities of essential platform for dialogue - ANALYSIS
- 11.02.2016Turkey and Israel: Rapprochement arising from mutual need - ANALYSIS
- 22.09.2015Russian military support to Syria: A second Afghanistan?
- 11.09.2015European Parliament “annexing” Nagorno-Karabakh to Armenia - ANALYSIS
- 09.09.2015Europe’s migration policy: Is Schengen area regime being abolished? - ANALYSIS
- 26.08.2015Who benefits from Greece’s exit from Eurozone? - ANALYSIS
- 10.07.2015Representatives of Azerbaijani community in Nagorno-Karabakh will also address Chatham House, says FM
- 02.07.2015Expectations arising from a default in Greece - ANALYSIS
- 29.06.2015US legalizing ISIL de facto - ANALYSIS
- 22.06.2015Rebecca Vincent – problem of anti-Azerbaijani network - ANALYSIS
- 22.06.2015Western technologist’s lies proved by figures
- 18.06.2015Democracy and human rights lessons from totalitarian Poland under democracy guise - ANALYSIS
- 17.06.2015The Guardian and principles of journalism - ANALYSIS
- 10.06.2015National Endowment for Democracy - generator of coups and chaos - ANALYSIS
- 09.06.2015BBC: Anti-Azerbaijan campaign deriving from Islamaphobia
- 22.05.2015‘Good’ and ‘bad’ separatists classified by West, Azerbaijan’s right to change partners - ANALYSIS
- 27.04.201524 April: Who won? Who lost? - ANALYSIS
- 18.04.2015Human Rights Watch – joint organization of Soros and Obama - ANALYSIS
- 16.04.2015European Parliament’s resolution incapable of changing realities in the region - ANALYSIS
- 02.04.2015“Georgian expert card” against Georgia - ANALYSIS
- 13.02.2015Southern Gas Corridor: unique project of common interests to all parties - ANALYSIS
- 16.01.2015Azerbaijan-US relations: Tension after returning to bipolar world order - ANALYSIS
- 10.12.201421st member of G20: Azerbaijan - ANALYSIS
- 05.12.2014Putin's visit to Turkey: messages, offers, opportunities ... - Analysis
- 03.12.2014Panoramic notes (second part) - ANALYSIS
- 02.12.2014Panoramic notes (first part) – ANALYSIS
- 01.12.2014Pope: Against Turkey, Beside Armenia – ANALYSIS
- 04.09.2013Will Armenia’s choosing Customs Union change Europe’s attitude towards Nagorno Karabakh conflict? - ANALYSIS
- 10.09.2013The Republic of Azerbaijan: A Model of Good Governance - ANALYSIS
- 14.04.2014Actual international view as a result of the occupation of Azerbaijani territories
- 13.06.2013Nagorno Karabakh – “new Afghanistan” of the region - ANALYSIS
- 09.04.2013Whose future was determined in Baku: South Caucasus and Central Asia, or European economic area? - ANALYSIS
- 05.10.2012Demonstration of power under pretence of hijab – ANALYSIS